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Discovering flores & komodo beyond bali - Indonesia

Community Based Eco-Tourism


Waerebo Traditional  Village of Manggarai


Administratively, Waerebo is within the Todo Forest area, Satarlenda Village, West Satarmese District, Manggarai Region, Flores NTT Province. It is 158 km from Labuan Bajo, the major town of West Manggarai and 88 km from Ruteng, the major town of the Manggarai Region. Add to this another 9 km walk, which can take up to approximately 5 hours.

Tourist Visits
A total of 300 recorded tourists had visited Waerebo Traditional Enclave by 2008 (source: LPW). The majority of these visitors were Dutch and used one of a few travel agents.
Waerebo is the only remaining village in the original style of round houses with straw rooves (mbaru niang) in the whole of Manggarai. Visitors will enjoy an interactive experience while learning about community lifestyle in previous times.


Community Based Tourism Assistance Model
To establish community based tourism in Waerebo traditional enclave, NGO BirdLife Indonesia implemented a facilitation model designed to increase the capacity of human resources and improve the local economy through environmental conservation. This method involved small groups forming the Waerebo Tourism body with 20 male and 15 female members.Waerebo traditional village of Manggarai,flores Indonesia, photo www.floresexotictours.com

Assistance activities include:

  1. Awareness Building and Learning About Tourism
    This program includes learning methods for the local community, especially group members, about how to identify potential, plan and develop a product that is appealing to tourists and is based in environmental conservation. Activities are as follows:
    - Group discussion about tourism and culture
    - Cleaning up the environment - "No Plastic" campaig
    - English language training

  2. Building Capacity of the Local Community
    In developing community based tourism, NGO BirdLife Indonesia also provided hospitality training to groups. Activities included:
    - Service training
    - Tourist Guide training
    - Local Food training
    - Preparing Homestays and the Home Environment training
    - Grass Weaving training
    - Art and Culture training

  3. Participative Tourism Facilities Provision
    Tourism development requires tourism facilities, as in every tourism activity people need accommodation, food, drink and information. NGO BirdLife Indonesia ensures facilities development involves the community and is carried out in a participative manner. The outcome of this is for the community to maintain the facilities into the future. Facilities include clean water, an eco-tourism trail to Warebo and a billboard advertising the potential of Waerebo at cross-roads in Pela and Dintor.


Lake Sano Nggoang , West Flores Indonesia

  • Administrative Site
    For administrative purposes, Lake Sano Nggoang is located in Wae Sano village, Lake Sano Nggoang, west flores IndonesiaSano Nggoang district, West Manggarai. It is 63 kilometres from Labuan Bajo and takes about 3 hours by car or motorbike. Between Labuan Bajo and Werang - the major village of Sano Nggoang district – the road is asphalt, from Werang to Lake Sano Nggoang is is a stone road. However, a current project to asphalt the surface to Lake Sano Nggoang will improve tourist access.

  • Tourist visits
    The total number of tourist visits to the area of Lake Sano Nggoang in 2008 was just 30 and in 2009 this increased to  a total of 175 (source: Lake Sano Nggoang Ecotourism Group). There were 20,634 international visitors to Labuan Bajo in 2007 as well as 11,123 domestic tourists.

  • Tourism potential of Lake Sano Nggoang Areapeople in Sano nggoang
    Lake Sano Nggoang is located 750m above sea level, south east of Mbeliling Fores in the separate Sesok Forest block. Tourism potential in the area is as follows:
  1. Volcanic Lake

    The lake has an area of approximately 513 há, 2.5 and 3 kilometres wide, and a depth of ±600m. The lake has sulphuric content high enough for activites related to skin health, revitalisation and can be circled by horse back. Lake Sano Nggoang is in a still natural area and when viewed from above at a distance of 150 metres its beauty is two-fold.
  2. Hot Springs and Sulphur
    Around Lake Sano Nggoang are hot springs up to 100 degrees Farenheit / 37 degrees Celsius with true natural value. The real attraction here is the water being hot enough to cook eggs and bananas in just 3 minutes. Visitors can also experience a Natural SpaLake, forest, and village Sano Nggoang in a small pool near the lakes' edge.
  3. Flores Endemic Birds (Flores Crow)
    Bird species found in the region of Lake Sano Nggoang include: Teals (Anas superciliosa, Anas gibberifrons); endemic Flores crow species (Corvus florensis); Swamp species (Tesia everetti, Rhipidura diluta, Caridonax fulgidus). Lake Sano Nggoang is attractive as a bird watching location with a high population of birds in the region.
  4. Natural Medicine
    In Sesok Forest natural medicine is often used by the local community for fever, flu, malaria, pregnancy and cancer. These medicines can be seen while trekking.
  5. Ecotourism Savanna Peak
    Trekking to Savanna Peak is short but steep. From the peak, the lake, Mbeliling Forest and a number of small islands can be seen. It is also possible to enjoy traditional coffee and local food at the peak.
  6. Religious Tourism
    There is a picturesque, old wooden church at Lake Sano Nggoang and parish houses. The church has never been renovated and is maintained in its original condition.
  7. Tourism Facilities
    Tourism facilities at Lake Sano Nggoang are relatively limited as development of infrastructure will require an environmental impact assessment to ensure the environment is not damanaged in the development process. Facilities in existence are:
    - 4 Home Stays
    - Birdwatching equipment
    - Information board
  • Community-based Tourism Model
    To optimise the potential of tourism in the Lake Sano Nggoang area, NGO BirdLife Indonesia implemented a facilitation model to increase the quality of local community resources through community participation in tourism development that contributes to improving the local economy, conserving the environment and educating community members and tourists about the environment. This work is undertaken with the Lake Sano Nggoang Ecotourism Group made up of 15 people. These members represent Nunang and Lempe  communities and work without self-interest for the preservation and sustainability of Lake Sano Nggoang. For the time being BirdLife Indonesia has only implemented ecotourism facilitation with these two communities. These activities started in September 2008 are as follows:Awareness and Training
  1. Tourism Awareness and Training

    This program involves training the community, especially ecotourism gorup members, about how to realise potential, plan, make products and market them to tourists with a basis in the value of environmental conservation. Activities being implemented are:
    - Group discussions about tourism and culture
    - Cleaning up the environment - 'No Plastic' campaign
    - English language training
  2. Tourism Management Training
    To create community-based tourism, NGO BirdLife Indonesia also give the ecotourism group training in providing satisfactory service to tourists. This training involves:
    - Hospitality
    - Guiding
    - Local food
    - Homestay and room structure
    - Cane work
    - Art and culture
  3. Participative Tourism Facilities Provision
    Tourism development can not be separated from the provision of tourist facilities. In all activities tourists undertake, they require accommodation, refreshments and information. Tourism facilities provision implemented by Burung Indonesia incorporates community involvement for the sake of maintaining/guarding infrastructure. Facilities such as rubbish bins, home stays, tourism awareness board and bird watching equipment (e.g. Binoculars).


Photo Gallery

Waerebo Traditional Village